Arquebus/ Gun

The gun that was used during the Coronado expedition by the soldiers, this certain weapon had two different firing systems.

Image result for arquebus in mexico  1540


The weapon was used in longer range combat by foot soldiers against hostile enemies on the expedition.

This item was brought by the Spaniards to Mexico. This gun had two different firing methods. The first method being mechanical, it had a small string that was soaked in salt pyrites and dried. Then when lit the weapon would fire. The second would be wheel lock, a wheel inside the gun would be sprung at a fast pace, igniting the pyrites. This made a spark which fired the gun. Most of these guns were made with a metal barrel and a wooden butt. The gun itself was 2.8 ft. long. There are many of this guns available in museums and since parts of the guns were found on Coronado dig sites, researchers believe they were used on the expedition.


Serven, James E. “THE GUN—AN INSTRUMENT OF DESTINY IN ARIZONA.” Arizoniana 5, no. 3 (1964): 14-28.

Obsidian Edge Sword

The obsidian edge sword was a weapon used mostly by the Indian people during the Coronado expedition.

Image result for obsidian edged sword mexico 1540


The sword was known to be very effective in close combat due to the razor sharp blades on each side. It was used whenever combat had risen on their expedition against the other people they came across. Originating in Mexico around the time of the Aztecs, but was used by many groups around Mexico. It was known to be so sharp it could decapitate enemies, and their horses in seconds. It was made with a large piece of wood carved into a bat like form at 3.5 feet. Then 8 to 10 pieces of obsidian material was hammered into each side, until there was no way of removing them. By knowing most Indians groups used this weapon during the time of the 1500’s, we are well aware that they were brought with them on the expedition.


Flint, Richard. The Latest Word from 1540: People, Places, and Portrayals of the Coronado Expedition. Albuquerque, NM: Univ. of New Mexico Press, 2011.

“Richard Flint.” Archaeology Southwest. Accessed March 05, 2019.

Raven. “This Aztec Sword With Obsidian Blades Was So Sharp, You Could Decapitate A Horse With It.” April 24, 2018. Accessed March 05, 2019.