The chasuble is part of the vestments worn by clergy during Mass.
The chasuble is a square or circular piece of cloth with a hole in the center where one slips the garment over one’s head to wear it. The garment requires a blessing by a priest before serving as an outer vestment worn to cover one from shoulders to knees while celebrating Catholic Mass.
The style of chasuble worn by the Spanish clergy in the 16th Century is referred to as the French type and was characterized by fabric made stiff with lining and heavy embroidery, often with gold thread, sometimes adorned with precious gems. There was usually a cross on the back and a pillar in front and was representative of charity by symbolizing the yoke of Christ.
The chasuble is the final element of the celebrant’s clothing that vests him as the representation of Christ during Mass. The different elements of the vestments are: amice, a white linen cloth covering the neck and shoulders; alb, a white linen robe; girdle or cincture, white cord at the waist; maniple, cloth hung over the left arm; stole, cloth hanging around the neck, crossing over the chest; and the chasuble, outer robe.
There are different colors of chasubles worn for different Catholic celebrations such as Easter, Christmas and various events on the liturgical calendar.
A chasuble would have been among the belongings of the members of the clergy who traveled with Coronado’s Expedition so that they could celebrate Mass along the journey.
Catholic News Herald. (2 June 2016). What are the traditional Latin Mass vestments? Retrieved April 23, 2019 from https://catholicnewsherald.com/faith/111-news/vesting/92-what-are-the-traditional-latin-mass-vestments
Chasuble (Spain), 16th–17th century; linen, wool; H x W: 214.4 x 67.9 cm (7 ft. 7/16 in. x 26 3/4 in.); 1947-46-2. Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Cooper Hewitt, Textiles Department, http://cprhw.tt/o/2Dn5c/.
Chasuble (Spain), 16th–17th century; silk and metal thread on silk; Accession Number 48.187.691; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York. Retrieved April 23, 2019 from The Met, https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/227385?&searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&where=Spain&what=Chasubles&ft=*&offset=0&rpp=80&pos=9.
Chasuble (Spain), 16th–17th century; stamped wool velvet; Accession Number 14.134.6a; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York. Retrieved April 23, 2019 from The Met, https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/219724?&searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&what=Chasubles&ft=*&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=7.
Thurston, H. (1908). Chasuble. The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved March 28, 2019 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03639a.htm