The church is a product of both Spanish and Native culture integrating in the Compostela.
This is not the exact or a replica of the church that existed during the Muster Roll of 1540-1542. However, this image is a good representation of what the church would have looked like by using the same shape the church is in the image, and the color scheme of the church is the same.
The church that would have been built during the time of Coronado and the rest of the Expedition came to the area that has been called Compostela, the mixture of Spanish culture and Indigenous culture could have been noticeable through the church. The church was built out of native resources, the same resources that the natives used to build their own homes and structures. The church may resemble Spanish architecture by having tall walls, small windows towards the top, intricate embroidery on the top of the walls and the church painted tan, however the materials that created the church are all indigenous materials. The combination of native resources and the image of a Spanish structure created a combination of Native and Spanish culture.
The materials that were used was wood (pine and oak), sand, dirt, clay, copper, and gravel to create the foundation and walls and ceiling. The layout of the natives buildings is the same to the construction of the church. The wood parts are the beams, while the copper makes up the roof and lining of the walls. To finish it off sand, dirt, gravel and clay was used to form cement. The unity of Indigenous architecture and Spanish architecture created the start of Spanish influence in the New World, along with the spread of Christianity. The image of the church has a tan color scheme, however, when the church was built in Compostela, the Natives included their own flare to the Spanish style church by including color such as green, purple and yellow to the walls of the church by putting the color at the bottom of the walls. Also, grass was included into the landscape of the church as a way to make the Spanish architecture blend in with the Compostela landscape. By including both the colorful touches to the church along with grass around the church, it caused the Natives culture by using the land and making the structures be a replica of the environment caused the Spanish style to blend in with the surroundings.
The Image of the church above was originally built as a monastery was built in the year 1540, which is around the same time of Coronado’s Expedition.
This can be helpful for the understanding of cultures intersecting due to Catholicism being brought to the New World. This can help explain how Christianity changed the culture of many indigenous areas such as in Tepic. Which would also be similar to Compostela.
The Muster Roll was during 1540 in Compostela. Due to the little facts or information about the region, it is known that the Spanish did bring Christianity for the ride. This caused religion to spread whether it was by force or gradual acceptance from the indigenous people, Christianity did spread and in doing so, churches and monasteries to built to keep the faith strong in the locals.
Layout of what the village may looked like, with the church included: There would be about 20 settlements grouped or close together with a plaza and enclosing wall. There would be about 2,000 rooms. The natives would live there, there would also be pottery being made, other types of garments and accessories, a market going on. It can be similar to a fort. The ruins were built with sun dried brick of mud and gravel. 22 inches thick, 3 feet wide for an irregular wall. A longer wall would be 80 feet from north to south, 250 feet west and east, would generally be considered rectangular (3 separate units connected by galleries and/or lower buildings).
Paquime Homes (Image 4 and 5): They were circular or semi-circular pit houses. It was adobe block houses built around the plaza. Walls that were at angles would be 40-50 feet high, the elevation would be about five to six stories high. Rooms would be about 450 feet or larger depending on the status of the family.
Image 1: Another example of how Spanish architecture for the churches look. Plain and not much color. Color got added later when Natives started building the churches and added their own touch causing their culture to be added onto Spanish culture.
Image 2: Is what the environment is for the Compostela area, which is estimated to be in modern day Nayarit. The lush green environment was added to the exterior decor of the church by having grass as a component for the churches landscape.
Image 3: Is an example of how the Indigenous architectural design is. It is a replica of what Ancient Aztecs created. There were no Aztecs accounted for in the area however the people that inhabited Compostela during the Muster Roll were products of the Aztec civilization. Due to this, the architecture consisted heavily on Aztec architecture, although it also evolved when the adobe style was included which is the Paquime style.
The images 4 and 5: The images are Paquime structures. They would have been used as housing for the Natives of that area. The housing would have been short like it is in the photographs however the previous Image of housing (the hut) is what the roof would look like).
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